Habitats range from limestone cedar glades to mature deciduous forests interspersed with fields and young woodlands. The Duck River, recognized as one of the most biodiverse in the country, bisects the park and is accessible from the Wilhoite Mill Trail, the Adeline Wilhoite Horton River Trail and the river access in the picnic loop. Herons hunt for fish in the shallows while belted kingfishers fly over. Paved roadways wind past grasslands behind the inn and restaurant and along the tree-lined Duck River. Barn owls may be heard from trees here during winter and spring evenings. Turkey, black vultures and red-tailed hawks soar above open areas.
The Adeline Wilhoite Horton River Trail traverses cedar glade and old field habitats, especially good spots for brown thrasher, common yellowthroat, and yellow-breasted chat. The trail features a 20-foot observation tower that overlooks a large native grassland and wetland. From here, ducks, song sparrows, and wild turkey can be seen, while in nearby woods, winter residents such as ruby and golden-crowned kinglets and hermit thrush occur alongside the common Carolina chickadee, white-breasted nuthatch, and barred owl. During spring and fall migration, a variety of wood warblers present an exciting birding challenge. Over 70 species of birds have been observed throughout the year. For more locations, VIEW FLYER.