Cumberland Mountain State Park is situated on the Cumberland Plateau, a segment of the great upland, which extends from western New York to central Alabama. It is said to be the largest timbered plateau in America. Cumberland Mountain State Park began as part of the greater Cumberland Homesteads Project, a New Deal-era initiative by the Resettlement Administration that helped relocate poverty-stricken families on the Cumberland Plateau to small farms centered on what is now the Cumberland Homestead community. This 1,720-acre park was acquired in 1938 to provide a recreational area for some 250 families selected to homestead on the Cumberland Plateau.
The park is located around Byrd Lake, a man-made lake created by the impoundment of Byrd Creek in the 1930s. The park is set on the Cumberland Plateau and provides numerous recreational activities, including hiking, swimming, picnicking and interpretive programs. The park also features a popular area restaurant and separate recreation hall that can accommodate up to 250 people.
Cumberland Mountain State Park has many options for overnight accommodations. There are numerous fully furnished cabins available throughout the year. The campground has more than 140 campsites for tents and RVs. There is also a designated place on the overnight trail for backcountry camping.
The Bear Trace at Cumberland Mountain Golf Course is one of the most sought-after sites among the Jack Nicklaus designed Bear Trace courses in Tennessee. The 6,900-yard, par 72 layout features a design that capitalizes on elevation changes as well as natural features, such as flowing brooks and clustered, mature pines.